Staffordshire Bull Terrier
Staffordshire Bull Terriers are a medium sized breed that are a very well known and popular choice, they originate from the UK and are related to the Bull Terrier. Originally due to their muscular appearance they were bred for dog fighting. They are bred in various colours including brindle, white, black and fawn. They are very active and can be very vocal, they're not a dog that will let you get bored!
From the SBT's history their character is seen as courageous, intelligent and determined. They are affectionate towards humans as they are a kind breed and make a good family dog. They are a little over excitable at times and like to over show their affection by licking, jumping up, nuzzling and pawing.
- Breed Name:
- Staffordshire Bull Terrier
- Coat type:
- Smooth and short
- Male: 14-18 kg, Female: 12-16 kg
- Average Lifespan:
- 9-15 years
- Playful, Very Active, Good with kids, Kind, Outgoing, Intelligent
- Favourite Pastimes:
- Long Walks, Playing, Mischief Making, Socializing
- Did you know?
- SBT's used to be nicknamed the “nanny dog” because they usually have such a good relationship with children.
- Easy to train?
- Very easy
Walkies of Fame
Steve Irwin owned a female Staffie called Sui, she made many appearances on his famous TV show The Crocodile Hunter, and was even filmed helping Steve out of some tricky situations with crocodiles when she thought he was in more danger than normal!
This is a condition where the eyelashes emerge from the glands in the centre of the eyelid, where they do not normally produce hairs. These are extra eyelashes that rub on the eye and cause irritation. It is a genetic condition and most common in SBT's. How much of a problem the eye causes the dog will depend on the treatment as some dogs can live their whole lives without being affected by this. Others will require surgery to have them removed and prevent constant irritation. Signs that your dog may have this include pawing/rubbing at their eyes, weepy eyes, squinting and redness.
- Persistent Hyperplastic Primary Vitreous (or PHPV)
PHPV is a condition that causes hazy vision when the blood supply to the ocular lens is restricted causing fibrovascular tissue to form over the lens. This can be checked through an eye test in prospective breeding by a vet to try and minimise the condition being carried on. It is a congenital condition in SBT's and can be seen from 6 weeks old, and once a pup has it, the condition will remain throughout its life. Surgery can be done to correct the eye, but it is a costly and risky operation, and is not normally covered by insurance due to being hereditary.
- Hip Dysplasia
SBT's like other large breeds are prone to hip and elbow dysplasia, this can be minimised in breeding by hip and elbow scores being carried out by vets. This can be done for both of the potential breeding parents and will ensure the pups are less at risk if the scores are good. Hip dysplasia occurs when the femur does not connect properly into the hip socket and so the joint then becomes worn and painful. Lameness can be seen when the dog is walking on one or both rear legs, some will require no treatment but others may need medication, a change in diet/exercise routine or possibly surgery.
- Luxating Patellas
Knee problems are also common in SBT’s; a luxating patella is the most common injury where the knee dislocates out of its normal position. It is painful for the dog and may lock the leg for several seconds until the patella can slip back into place. This is normally a hereditary condition rather than from trauma or accident and can be corrected through surgery. If the patella only partially luxates then they may not require surgery.
- L-2 hydroxyglutaric Aciduria
This is a disorder that affects a SBT's central nervous system, normally in dogs between 6-12 months old. The L2 in affected dogs builds up as it cannot be metabolised and then has many side effects. Symptoms include seizures, stiffness, tremors and behavioural problems. This can be detected by high levels of the L2 in the dogs urine, plasma of the blood and cerebrospinal fluid.
- Hereditary Cataract
This condition has been prevalent in SBT’s since 1976 and can occur from puppy hood. The pups are born with normal appearing eyes but after a few weeks old the cataracts will begin to develop. It will keep deteriorating until it is a full cataract and result in blindness at about 2-3 years old.
- Brachycephalic Syndrome
This is due to the shape of the SBT'S face and nose. They are more susceptible to breathing problems as they have a smaller nasal passage than other breeds. Some SBT's are born with a longer soft palate but they are not always noticed, in more severe cases respiration is affected and so they will find it harder to breathe and eat. Surgery can be carried out to fix this problem in the majority of cases.